How AI can replace Human Intelligence?
July 21, 2021
9 min read
Artificial Intelligence has come a long way from being a component of science fiction to reality. Today you can see a lot of intelligent machines like self-driven cars, chatbots, surgical robots, or smart virtual assistants. Since AI has become a lot more than science stuff and made its way into the daily life of a common man, it has started a debate – Can Artificial Intelligence replace the human brain in the future?
Artificial Intelligence is used to design and create intelligent machines that can perform human-like tasks, which raises the next question – Is Artificial Intelligence enough in itself to replace a human mind? Perhaps, it has been a topic of debate in the past few years that AI might replace human brains in the near future. However, this isn’t entirely true.
Artificial intelligence might be smart and advanced from before, and there are enough pieces of evidence to prove that. Still, AI cannot function rationally without basic human intuition.
To understand this deeply, let’s dig deep and see what is Artificial Intelligence, how is it being utilized, and does it have the potential to outsmart the human brain?
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Many people link Artificial Intelligence to just robots. But if you hear from a professional, you’ll know that Artificial Intelligence is a set of algorithms that produces results without having to be repeatedly instructed to do so. In other words, Artificial Intelligence is the science that focuses on building smart machines capable of doing usual tasks without being instructed by someone. Instead, these intelligent machines are instilled with learning from experience and historical data, performing the befitting actions by analyzing their surrounding environments.
What are the types of Artificial Intelligence?
Different AI systems are meant to serve different purposes. Therefore, AI can be classified in Type 1 and Type 2, and here’s a brief introduction to type 1 :
Artificial Narrow Intelligence or ( ANI )
The most common type of AI you will find is ANI. These AI systems are designed to solve one single problem and can perform that single task very well. In other words, they have limited capabilities like suggesting a new item when you visit an e-commerce site or weather prediction, etc.
Artificial General Intelligence or ( AGI )
It is still a theoretical concept. An Artificial General Machine would be a machine capable of understanding humans as well as the outside world. AGI doesn’t exist yet but has been popularized in modern times by many movies.
What is Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)?
It’s like entering almost a science-fiction territory here, an An Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI) system is a software based system with intellectual powers beyond humans. This would include taking rational decisions, decision making, and even things like making better art and building emotional relationships.
What is the purpose or utilization of Artificial Intelligence ?
If you see it from a technical point of view, the role of Artificial Intelligence is meant to aid human capabilities to help us make rational decisions and to make the work process simple. Now, if you see it from a philosophical point of view, Artificial intelligence is meant to make human lives easier by reducing hard labor, increasing smart work in less time.
Currently, AI is used in different domains to give insights into user behavior and show recommendations based on the previous data. For example, when you type anything in the Google bar and see the sentence getting completed is done by Google’s predictive search algorithm, which is a type of Artificial Intelligence. Moreover, AI is used almost everywhere in large organizations. Therefore, the uses of Artificial Intelligence majorly falls under the data processing category, which includes the following :
- Pattern-detection to identify significant patterns in a large data set for unique insights.
- Logic-chains for if-then reasoning that can be applied to execute a string of commands based on parameters.
- Applied probabilistic models for predicting future outcomes
- Searching within data and optimizing the search to give the most relevant results.
Machine Intelligence VS. Human Intelligence
Here’s a comparison of Artificial Intelligence and Human Intelligence :
Human Intelligence aims at adapting to the new environment by using a combination of different cognitive processes. On the other hand, Artificial Intelligence aims at building machines that use the data and perform human-like actions. This is because machines are digital while the human brain is analogous.
Artificial Intelligence relies on the specific instructions and data already fed into the system. Whereas a human brain uses its computing power, ability to think, and memory.
Human intelligence stores lessons and learns from past experiences and incidents. It is more like learning via trial and error method in technical terms, i.e., learning from mistakes. The core of human intelligence is the ability to think rationally and being able to differentiate between right and wrong actions.
However, in this respect, machines or Artificial intelligence lie far behind as they can not think. Machines can learn from continuous training and data fed into them, but they can never achieve the unique thought process humans have. Moreover, Artificial Intelligence can not perform the tasks that are not fed into their systems.
Machines have more speed of working. They can complete any task in half the time any human would take. Also, machines have more capacity for data handling. As a result, they can receive data at a speedier rate as compared to humans.
How does Artificial Intelligence depend on the human factor?
Is it really fair to debate whether Artificial intelligence is better than human intelligence? Given that Artificial Intelligence has surely helped humans to develop intelligent machines that can perform tasks even better than humans. But they still have a very long way to go to compete with human brains. Although Artificial Intelligence systems are designed and trained to simulate and mimic human behavior, it is an undeniable fact that AI is an invention of the human brain. And it can’t make rational decisions just like humans can.
The core of decision-making power in Artificial Intelligence systems is based on the data they’ve been fed with and past events. But, unfortunately, artificial intelligence machines don’t have common sense. As a result, they cannot understand the general cause-and-effect relationship. You can understand this more in an SQL Services Data Scientist, Nick Burns’ words, “No matter how good your models are, they are only as good as your data.”
Human brains learn and apply the knowledge they’ve acquired in combination with an understanding of the present event, logic, and reasoning. AI systems still lack the rational, holistic, logical, and emotional approach to the real world that is specific to humans.
Now we have come to the main concern of machine intelligence replacing human intelligence in the future. Is it possible? If yes, how? Let’s find out in the final section.
Can Artificial Intelligence replace human intelligence in the future?
Talking about the fact, recent artificial intelligence achievements perform human-like tasks and decisions more closely and accurately than before. Still, machines are far behind in outsmarting humans.
Remember how there are many small and big-screen movies about robots? More often, you witness that, robots or say Artificial Intelligence-driven world slowly takes over the real human world. But in movies, too, these are humans who use their brains and find a strategy to fight back and win. And they win! The point is, all these AI systems and machines are an invention of the human brain, hence they can not outsmart it.
The topic of AI systems has been quite debatable from the beginning. While many scholars applauded the inventions, some even criticized them for their negative effects on society. Many experts have requested the researchers to consider the societal effects of Artificial Intelligence before trying anything new.
In recent times, artificial intelligence is used in almost every area of life. From enhancing photography with the help of AI cameras to financial asset management, AI has shown its utility in various fields of human life.
As the utility and application of Artificial Intelligence are increasing with more accuracy than before, more and more people have started to worry if it will outsmart human skills and experience in various tasks and jobs. Think of it that way, what happens to the experience and skills of a professional photographer when everyone holding an AI camera starts clicking pictures on their own? Or what happens to the qualified and skillful financial adviser when people start looking at AI for stock predictions to make decisions?
There have been multiple reports claiming that a major part of the workforce will get replaced by machines and automation in the future decades. With advanced and excessive research being conducted in the field, many people fear that there will be a huge job crisis because most of the tasks would be performed by machines more speedily and accurately. Many famous people like Stephen Hawking gave an opinion that the development of intelligent machines and robots beyond the safe point could mark the end of mankind. But is it all true? Are humans not going to find any jobs in the coming decades where automated machines would do every task? It is not entirely true; machines can never be able to completely outsmart humans in every instance.
Some people say there’s nothing wrong with it as the AI helps users get the maximum benefits of years of experience without actually spending years to get that experience. But is it right to remove the experience-gaining process entirely? If you keep thinking about all these things, you might feel AI outsmarting human intelligence does not seem that ridiculous.
However, there are always two sides to the coin and every notion. So let’s find out the positive and negative sides of .
The Positive side of the coin :
Role of Artificial Intelligence in the industries :
There are many positive aspects of Artificial Intelligence, from speeding up mundane tasks to accurately performing inner works of the bigger industries. The predictive and analytical power of Artificial Intelligence has also proved to be very beneficial for many industries. Whether it’s predicting the stock market or just the weather, the predictive power of the Artificial Intelligence system is positively affecting many industries.
Role of Artificial Intelligence in the medical world
Another positive point is the diagnostic and monitoring procedures performed by the Artificial Intelligence systems in the medical industry. Today, specialists and doctors can better diagnose a patient’s problem and monitor the situation, leading to quick and better treatment. Thus, AI is not only enhancing the medical procedure but also reducing the medical costs and expenses drastically.
Role of Artificial Intelligence in our homes and daily lives :
Artificial Intelligence has now entered our homes and turned them into smarter homes. Many people use smart home technology nowadays, which only makes life easier and better. Smart home systems, often known as Vampire energy or Phantom Load, are working towards reducing power consumption and controlling the carbon footprints of the household.
There are many such positive sides of the Artificial Intelligence systems that span across different industries and affect the individual lives of everyone attached to those industries.
The Negative side of the coin :
Adverse societal effects
The introduction of AI systems has also brought a drastic shift in human daily lifestyle. The tasks that once required manual labor are now getting done without even lifting a finger. As a result, people have more free time nowadays, and their skills are not being used properly. While some people are good at dealing with this fact, some face many issues. This brings some serious psychological and social impacts on society.
Another serious example stating the negative effects of AI systems is the incident involving a racist medical AI system that might endanger many lives. According to the reports, the AI system of a recognized medical center is biased against black people and shows their medical score normal even when they are equally sick as white people. Though nothing is clear yet, if even 1 % of this fact is true, it’s a matter of huge concern.
Apart from these, there are many adverse effects like social media manipulation, lack of security and privacy, etc. But do you realize the main problem is that we don’t even think about all these negative impacts of AI until they are right in front of us?
The Big Question here is – Can Artificial Intelligence replace human intelligence?
There is no doubt that there are certain areas where the utilization of automated machines can be really useful and more efficient than a human. Machines can help in speeding up the process while boosting efficiency. They never get tired; hence can complete the task in less time as compared to humans. However, all of this is not possible without humans not controlling and directing the use of such technology. Human input, human judgment, and human interaction can never be replaced by an artificial intelligence automated machine.
It would be correct to say that robots are not going to replace humans entirely and outsmart every task being performed by humans in the coming years to come. What can be possible is a workforce that is a blend of intelligent machines and human beings. The workload could be efficiently handled with smooth cooperation among robots and human intelligence.
Where Artificial Intelligence is spreading in the world by storm, there are certain limitations that restrict the possibilities of it replacing humankind. Considering the facts mentioned above, it would be right to conclude that while AI machines can be relied upon when it comes to making rational and logical decisions based on facts, many aspects of life can’t be imitated by these machines. Aspects related to teaching, judgment, sentiments, mood, feelings, interactions, etc., can never be imitated by intelligent machines.
In other words, robots cannot provide creativity and flexibility to find a solution in highly complicated tasks, which is a major limitation in the case of AI machines. On the other hand, humans have created AI machines. Even though these machines are excelling in many fields, it still has a long way to go to overpower human beings.
AI could surely overpower humans in some fields and industries where more speed and efficiency are required. Many industries will also require to automate all the manual labor work in the future. The same happened when computers were invented. Now, calculation and data storage has become very easy with computers, but we are not its slave, nor will we ever become.
The rapid expansion of AI technology could be very beneficial to humankind if we manage to keep a check on its negative effects. Then, under proper guidance and control, we can surely head towards a more advanced and better world where both humans and AI machines will play their respective parts without sabotaging anything.
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